Types of first aid courses

 First Aid Course

 In this article we will learn how accidents can happen , at any time .  How to prepare by knowing basic first aid .  It could mean the difference between life and death .


 Basic first aid guide

  • Basic first aid guide is the ability to provide , basic medical care to someone suffering from a sudden injury or illness . It often comes in forms such as treating cuts , burns or even things like insects .  


  • But it can also include providing support to , someone in the middle of a medical emergency. 


  • In these scenarios ; it is important to remain calm , assess the situation , and work to stabilize the person . When offering help , it is important to always remain calm , so that you can think clearly and assess the situation .
  •  As the person in distress rests , after you have taken a deep breath , it is important to assess the situation to see if basic help is required of you ;  or needs  from urgent medical attention .


  •  Use your knowledge and basic assisting skills, to stabilize the injury. If basic help isn’t working, reevaluate your approach, providing basic care until emergency help arrives.


 infection control

 Infection control is essential to a first aid response to reduce the spread of infectious diseases .
From the guidelines you assume in first aid ;  The blood and some other bodily fluids are potentially infectious .
 Always follow these guidelines when providing care to anyone :


  • (1)- By following the general precautions you’ll need to make sure you wash your hands , as you normally do before and after eating , and using the toilet .  


  • (2)- Wear gloves when in contact with blood , or any other bodily fluids . And wear goggles when there is a chance of bodily fluids coming into contact with your eyes . Wipe off any blood or body fluids as soon as possible .  


  • (3)- Do not eat or touch your mouth , or eyes while providing first aid .  And dispose of any bandages , clothing , or protective equipment that may be contaminated .


  • (4)- When providing first aid , it is important that you take appropriate precautions to ensure your safety , and also include the safety of the person you are caring for .


 first aid kit

 Let’s take a look at what would normally be ; in the first aid box :


  • (1) A small brochure that gives you advice on CPR , as well as an emergency blanket .


  • (2) saline is usually very important to wash the eye , but it is also used to wash the wound .


  • (3) Elco wipes used to clean around the wound and to wipe the skin.   and sterile tissues .



  •  (4) Bandages, bandages carry different sizes, and types.  Scissors, forceps, disinfectant, safety pins.


  • (5) Burn Gel Sachets are a thick, gentle water-based wash , not a cream and are specifically designed for burns .


  • (6) Some gauze , wound pads , gloves , and a full CPR mask which means it will close the face well .  It also contains a filter .


 First aid in the workplace

 common daily injuries and illnesses ; to which any person may be exposed in his life , or in the workplace .


 It can include cuts , scrapes , and burns . Back pain , difficulty breathing , allergic reactions , chest pain , head injuries or even poison . Each of these potential injuries , often requires ‘ immediate medical attention ‘ .


 Types of first aid 

Types of first aid courses according to the condition and emergency injuries , including the following :


  1. First aid for burns .


  2. CPR first aid .


  3. First aid for wounds .


  4. First aid for insect bites .


  5. First aid for eye injuries.


  6. First aid for epistaxis .


  7. First aid for sprain and fracture .


  • (1)  First aid for burns

 Occupational burns , thermal burns , electrical burns and sunburn are the common types of burns , that most people suffer from .


 Burns can cause different levels of severity , and should be treated accordingly .  There are three classifications or degrees of burns that one can suffer .


 (A)- First-degree burns 

  • Only damage the top layer of skin . These types of burns are often painful , and can cause slight swelling .


  • first aid for these types of burns , often requires immediate cooling of the affected area with cold water and ice .  


  • After a few minutes of cooling pat , the affected area dry and apply a burn cream , to relieve some of the pain , and prevent infections . 


  •  Finally apply a dry , sterile bandage around the affected area .


(B)- Second-degree burns 
  • In which damage occurs from the inside and outside of the layers of the skin , and they are significantly more painful than first-degree burns .


  • This type of burn causes the skin to become dark and red in color , and may sometimes cause blisters .


  • First aid for this degree of burn , if any blisters open , treat it with a sterile antiseptic , dry bandage , as soon as possible .
  • Avoid infection if the blisters remain closed .  Apply a cool , wet compress to soothe the pain , and do not open the blisters .


(C)- third degree burns 

  • damage both the inner and outer layers of the skin , as well as the nerves and muscular vessels .


  • And sometimes even the bones below these areas .  They often become charred black or white .


  • Third-degree burns ; almost always require a medical emergency .  first aid for this burns ,  can only be wrapped with a dry sterile bandage .
  • Even emergency treatment occurs in extreme cases , Heat shields and/or fire blankets can also be wrapped around the victim , to prevent any further progression of the burn .  It can also relieve pain and protect against contamination .


  •  (2) CPR first aid
  •  CPR is a lifesaving technique , useful in many emergencies , including cardiogenic shock or even drowning .


  • Where a person’s breathing or heartbeat , has stopped . The American Heart Association recommends that everyone , including untrained bystanders , learn the basics of CPR , especially chest compressions .


  • Everyone should remember that the difference between doing something , and doing nothing can be someone’s life .



  •  Shock is a life-threatening condition , caused by the sudden decrease in blood flow throughout the body .


  • When a person is in shock their organs are , not getting enough blood or oxygen .


  • The visible signs on the skin include wet skin , bluish lips , rapid breathing , a change in mental status or feeling severe dizziness and tiredness .


 basic first aid and cpr training
  • (1) – Before you begin , it is important to make sure that the environment is safe , and that the person is already unconscious .

If there is someone nearby , let them be able to help you by calling the emergency medical number .


If you’re alone , call the number first , and then proceed with CPR , if you’re trained to do so , according to the American Heart Association .

  • (2) – If you are not trained in CPR , it is recommended that you provide CPR only with hands .



By uninterrupted chest compressions up to 100 to 120 per minute , until paramedics arrive .



Rescue breathing is not recommended without proper CPR training.

  •  (3) – If you are well trained and confident in your ability to check to see , if there is a pulse and breathing .


If there is no breathing or pulse within 10 seconds , begin with chest compressions to begin CPR with 30 chest compressions , before giving two rescue breaths .


If you have had previous CPR training , but are not confident in your abilities .  You only press on the chest at a rate of 100 to 120 per minute .



  • (4) – Before considering CPR , make sure the person has an open airway , and is not suffocating .


To open his airway you need to tilt his head back a little , raise his chin , this procedure removes the tongue away from the back of the throat and allows air to reach the lungs .

Next, you will need to check for breathing , with your face directed toward the person .  Putting it directly above the person’s mouth , listen for breathing and see if the chest rises and falls .

If the person is not breathing normally after examining the airway , breathe out .



  • (5) – Check the pulse by feeling for five to ten seconds at a time on the victim’s neck or wrist , if there is no pulse , start chest compressions .


  • (6) – To perform chest compressions , place the heel of one hand on the lower part of the sternum , with your other hand directly on top of the first .


The hand presses on the sternum by an inch and a half to two inches . You can continue to apply 100 to 120 chest compressions every minute . checking for a return of the pulse every minute .

 Continue without interruption until advanced life support is available.


  • (7) – If the person is still conscious , encourage him to lie down with his feet raised , if he feels nauseous , or has difficulty breathing .  Or if you suspect a spinal injury , encourage him to lie down and stay calm .


  • (3) First aid for minor wounds

 Wounds are often the most common injury in the workplace .


  • The first treatment for minor cuts , or abrasions , usually requires cleaning the wound with an antiseptic or with soap and water .


  •  When treating someone else’s wounds , always check for allergies , before using any creams or ointments .  use a bandage if the wound is bleeding .
  • if there is significant external bleeding , and a simple bandage does not work , the patient will likely require emergency medical treatment , and you will need to call emergency number immediately .


  •  While waiting for emergency medical attention , applying pressure to the wound to help control bleeding is recommended . 
  • It can also be helpful ; if the affected part of the body is raised .  Unless a fracture is suspected , in which case it is best to rest and monitor the person .


  • (4) First aid for insect bites

 If the person has been bitten by an insect, an animal, or even a hostile person who represents a potential danger ;


  • A- If any of these happen, the first action would be to evade danger, then assess the severity of the wound or sting.


  •  B- If it was a bite and the person had an allergic reaction : the emergency service should be contacted immediately . 


If you have trouble breathing , swelling of the lips or eyelids , dizziness , fainting , fast heartbeat , convulsions , nausea, or vomiting immediately after an insect bite .


  •  C- Sometimes some bites can cause ; more severe or allergic reactions .  Fire bees and scorpions are more likely to cause more severe reactions .  And it can take up to an hour, before a patient begins to see symptoms.


Such as shortness of breath, weakness , anxiety , nausea , or rash , abdominal cramps , loss of consciousness and/or shock .


  • D- If the person has a severe allergic reaction , ask the person if they carry an epinephrine injection pen . To treat the reaction , an injection is made into the thigh .


  •  E- If the person has a severe spell , you may want to encourage them to loosen any tight clothing and provide a blanket to cover them .


 It is also recommended not to give him anything to drink ; if the person begins to vomit .  Have him sit upright , and in a secure position to prevent suffocation .


  •  F- If he does not show signs of heavy breathing , coughing or movement , perform chest compressions over and over , if it is comfortable for him to do so .


 How to treat inflamed insect bites

  • (1)- To treat an infected insect bite : first , find a safe area to avoid the predator and quickly pull the victim out .


And never try to apply pressure to the area where the sting is , as this can further irritate the sting .


Most insect stings can be mild causing slight pain , redness , itching , or swelling .  Mosquito bites can also sometimes carry West Nile virus , and ticks can carry Lyme disease .


  • (2)- Clean the area with water using ice water , and a clean towel , this will help reduce potential pain and swelling .


 If the sting is on an arm or leg , try elevating it to help relieve the pain .


  • (3)- Apply at home hydrocortisone cream , calamine , or even baking soda paste on the sting .  And keep doing this for several days until the pain and irritation are gone .


 Taking antihistamines can also help reduce itching .  If the sting does not go away after a day or two , You should consult a doctor .


  First aid for an injury

  •  (4)- If it was a wound ;  It is best to disinfect the wound with soap and water for at least five minutes . 


Then put a bandage on to control the bleeding, if the wound appears severe or the bite was by an enemy person.


  • (5)- Call the emergency number so they can send competent help .  Keep pressure on the wound until help arrives , and appropriate treatment can be applied .




  •  (5) first aid for eye injuries
  • 1) – Injuries are common in the workplace and often occur when a foreign substance enters the eye , causing a penetrating injury to the eye .
  • 2). Eye injuries can be extremely painful , and debilitating .  Because of this a strict policy is implemented , requiring all employees to wear goggles at all times, when servicing equipment .


 And upon contact with waste , or chemicals .  It may also occur when using hand , and power tools .

  • 3)- In the event of a foreign substance or chemicals inside the eye , it must be rinsed immediately for at least 15 minutes .


Remember to avoid rinsing the water in the direction of the other eye , and never try to remove any embedded objects as ; this can cause further damage to the eye .

  • 4)- If the pain persists , cover the eye with a sterile bandage or even a roll . and seek medical attention quickly if a chemical gets into the eye .


You should also avoid placing anything flat on the eye , as it may cause additional pressure to the eye injury . consider covering both eyes as this will prevent you from trying to look around undamaged .


remember to stay calm , until you get to the hospital , or until urgent care arrives .


  • (6) First aid for epistaxis

 The nose is full of blood vessels , is located in a supine position , as it protrudes from the face . As a result of any kind of trauma to the face , it can often cause nosebleedsepistaxis “.


first aid treatment for epistaxis
  • 1)- To treat epistaxis , it is recommended to first sit down and tilt your head forward slightly , and do not try to tilt your head back .


Because this allows blood to flow back into the sinuses and throat , it may also cause a gagging or aspiration of blood .


  • 2)- With your head tilted slightly forward .  Put your index finger and thumb on the nose , and press the soft part of the nostrils , just below the bridge of the nose for at least 10 minutes .


After 10 minutes ; release pressure on the nostrils , and check to see if the bleeding has stopped .


  • 3)- If the bleeding stops , do not try to smell , or blow your nose for at least 15 minutes . If the bleeding continues , seek medical help immediately .


  • (7) First aid for sprain and fracture

Employees who perform rigorous , repetitive tasks with excessive force , and awkward postures are often more likely to develop torsion in the workplace .


It must always be handled with extreme caution , because a sprain is the tearing of the fibers from the ligament , which can hold two bones together .  This can often occur in the legs , arms or neck .


 How to treat a minor ankle sprain ?

  •  1)- Put ice packs on the area to reduce swelling , and ice should be placed at spaced intervals , for 20 minutes each time . so that the patient does not get frostbite .
  • 2)- Wrap a compression strap on the foot and ankle , to reduce joint movement .  The foot can be raised , above the level of the body .  


 how to heal sprained ankle fast as possible? :

  •  1. For more serious sprains or potential fractures , seek medical attention .


  •  2. For further evaluation once a sprain has occurred , it is highly recommended to allow the sprain to rest . Avoid placing any weight on the injury , preferably with a sling or a brace , depending on where the injury is at rest .


  • 3. It is important to put ice packs on the sprain immediately , for 15 to 20 minutes to reduce swelling .  It is also recommended to continue icing the affected area four to eight times daily until the swelling improves after icing.


compress the injury by wrapping it in an elastic bandage , and remember to wrap it tightly but not too tightly , as this can often cause more swelling .


  •  4. Signs that the bandage is too tight include numbness, numbness , or increased swelling in the area under the bandage .


  •  5. Once you have taken the steps of the ice packs correctly , and compressed the spring , raise the injury above the level of the heart .


If the ability exists , by sitting or lying down .  This will help reduce swelling .


 First aid for fractures
  • 1)- A broken bone is very painful , and can take a long time to heal . If someone around you encounters a broken bone .


The fracture must be controlled . If there is any bleeding , try to stop it using a sterile cloth pad .  Or using a piece of clothing .


  • 2)- You will then need to immobilize the affected area using a splint , and put ice on it for 10 minutes .  Medical attention is always needed for a broken bone .


  • 3)- Do your best to calm the injured person , encourage him to rest and offer to take him to hospital .



If a neck or back injury is suspected , call the emergency number , so that he can be transferred to the hospital .



This is the first part of the first aid course .  You will find the second part in the following article  from here .


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