digestive system diseases and methods of treatment

Digestive system diseases, methods of treating them and maintaining the health of the digestive system.

digestive system

digestive system is a sinuous canal , that starts from the mouth and ends at the anus.
it is responsible for converting food into energy that the body can benefit from.  it is also responsible for ridding the body of waste from its vital processes.

Gastrointestinal diseases are among the most common diseases in the world, and many people coexist with them by taking drugs and medicines. that alleviate their symptoms without , permanently getting rid of the patient from his suffering.


Symptoms of digestive system diseases 

The bad feeling that digestive problems cause may manifest as:
 (Pain – tightness – bloating – a feeling of fullness and fullness even after a light meal, belching, constipation, diarrhea, heartburn, nausea and vomiting.).


Causes of problems in the digestive system

One of the most common causes of digestive problems includes:
  1. Following a poor diet, which leads to nutritional deficiencies.
  2.  Lack of exercise.
  3.  Drought.
  4.   Stress and not getting enough sleep.
  5.   Drinking a lot of alcohol.
  6.   Make long gaps between meals.
  7.  Eat large meals at night, especially high in fat and fried foods.
  8. Eat spicy meals.

digestive system diseases and their treatment

In this paragraph, the most important and common diseases of the digestive system. will be addressed and their treatment , that requires patience.
because most diseases of the digestive system are primarily functional diseases, and among these diseases are the following:

1)- Constipation

 It is difficult to pass stool, as a person has less than three stools per week. in addition to feeling discomfort after defecation, and constipation.
usually occurs due to insufficient intake of fiber, or disruption in the normal routine or diet.  
can be treated  By increasing the amount of fiber in the diet.  
Exercising regularly.  
Use laxatives for a short time.

 2)- Vomiting

It is the forceful exit of stomach contents , through the mouth.  this is usually forced, and is often preceded by nausea, and infection from bacteria, viruses or other. microorganisms is one of the most common causes of vomiting. 
as well as excessive alcohol intake, food allergies , migraines, and pregnancy may also causes vomiting.
So treatment depends on the cause and may include antiemetics and rehydration solutions.

3)- diarrhea

Diarrhea is defined as having watery stools three or more times per day. 
the diarrhea may be severe and last for a short period not exceeding two days. 
usually disappear without the need for treatment, or it may last for a longer period in some cases. which may indicate a more serious health problem.  
For chronic diarrhea, it is diarrhea that lasts for an estimated period of four weeks or more. This type of diarrhea may be continuous or intermittent. and it may also be the result of a chronic health problem.

4)- Gastroesophageal reflux disease

This disease is considered a chronic disease, in which stomach acid returns to the esophagus.
causing a feeling of burning in the middle of the chest.  this happens after eating meals or at night.
most of the sufferers depend on avoiding foods , and drinks that irritate their condition.
there are those who take some medicines , that reduce acidity. but there are some cases that require surgical intervention.

 5)- Celiac disease

This disease is known as a severe sensitivity , to the protein found in wheat and barley.
most of those infected with this disease do not discover it. and are incorrectly diagnosed by doctors, as they suffer from “abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, weight loss, anemia for some infected adults, and depression,  Epileptic seizures, general fatigue, and bone loss. 
The only treatment for this disease , is not to eat products that contain that protein (gluten).

6)- Gallstones

Gallstones are formed as a result of the accumulation of solid deposits in the gallbladder. that come from high cholesterol or waste products, that the bile duct must get rid of, or it comes as a result of the inability of the gallbladder, to empty the content inside well. 
in that disease the person feels sharp pain in the upper part of the right side , for the abdomen.

7)- Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease affects the end of the ileum , that connects the small intestine to the colon. which causes the patient to feel “abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, fever, weight loss”.


in this disease, scientists have not found a reason for its occurrence.  it is believed that it is hereditary.

it is treated with inhibitors  Immunology, topical pain relievers, and surgery.

8)- Ulcerative colitis

 Ulcerative colitis has symptoms similar to Crohn’s disease. but it mainly affects the colon. 
its symptoms can be alleviated by avoiding foods that tire the patient or taking anti-inflammatory.  in some cases it may be the only solution to surgery.

 9)- Irritable Bowel Syndrome

 In this disease, a person feels pain in his stomach and a movement in his intestine. that makes him either suffer from constipation or diarrhea. 
scientists have not found a reason for this syndrome.  the patient is treated by staying away from foods , that make the stomach tired. he is treated by avoiding psychological tension.

10)- Hemorrhoids

 Hemorrhoids are inflammation of the blood vessels , at the end of the digestive system. that inflammation makes the patient feel pain and itch.
for the treatment of hemorrhoids, the patient must drink a lot of water, eat fiber, and exercise.  some cases have to resort to topical creams, and others are  they have no choice but to be treated surgically.

 11)- Anal fissure

 A fissure is a tear in the lining of the anus. and its symptoms are similar to those of hemorrhoids. as it shows blood in the stool and there is pain during excretion. its treatment is like treatment of hemorrhoids.

12)- Indigestion

 This disease is considered one of the diseases, that affect many people, especially after eating a heavy meal. where the person feels several symptoms such as “pain in the stomach or upper abdomen, bloating, flatulence, nausea, sour taste in the mouth, sounds in the abdomen area.”  
In mild cases of the disease, no treatment is required. but in more severe cases, drugs that neutralize or reduce stomach acid secretions can relieve symptoms and help many patients.

 13)- Hepatitis

 Viral hepatitis is the emergence of an inflammatory condition in the liver tissue. as a result of a viral infection.
there are several different types of viral hepatitis , as a result of the virus that causes the disease. 
the symptoms of that disease are multiple and relate to the cause of the disease, and the degree of damage to the liver. 
Symptoms similar to those of mild influenza such as “fever, loss of appetite, general fatigue, nausea and vomiting, muscle pain, discomfort in the upper part. 
symptoms of severe conditions, “yellowing of the skin and the white part of the eye, dark and concentrated urine, stools that are gray in color and high temperature ”.

Some additional tips to ease the digestive process 


Here are the most important tips , that will facilitate the digestive process:
– Good digestion starts in the mind: so always make sure to eat your food in a comfortable place.  Stress and anxiety interfere with the digestive process.
– You should chew your food well and eat it slowly. saliva is a vital digestive enzyme, and if you chew properly, by the time your food reaches your stomach, starch and cellulose are easier to digest.
– Remember everything you eat that does not make you feel comfortable. you can in the coming times avoid these foods or be careful not to overindulge them.
– Make sure to eat breakfast: get healthy mid-morning and mid-afternoon snacks.
– Drink water throughout the day: It helps digestion and prevents constipation.
– Physical exercise: It helps blood circulation and stimulates the muscles in the digestive system, thus aiding in the digestive process.