We will talk about the tests that are performed in clinical chemistry , which are also called clinical biochemistry tests .
In this article , we have included the most common , and most important tests that are performed in a clinical chemistry/biochemistry lab .
Clinical biochemistry tests in lap
- 1) – Kidney function test
- 2) – Electrolytes
- 3) – Liver function test LFTs
- 4) – Test heart indicators or signs
- 5) – Metal Test
- 6) – Vitamin test
- 7) – Diabetes tests
- 8) – Tumor marker tests
- 9) – Hormonal checks
- 10) – Fat profile
- 11) – Uric acid
- 12) – C-reactive protein CRP
- 13) – Amylase
- 14) – Libes
- 15) – Blood gases
kidney function test
- 1) – Kidney Function Test” KFTs “:
A kidney function test is done to check kidney function and identify kidney disease . It is an examination of kidney function by measuring the level of creatinine or urea .
These two substances are produced from the body’s metabolic processes , as they are waste products that are eliminated through the kidneys .
When there is a weakness in the functions of the kidneys , their ability to remove waste products (such as creatinine) is weakened , and its level in the blood increases .
The tests performed in RFTs are :
- A) creatinine
- b) – BUN (blood urea nitrogen)
- c) – GFR test
- D) – 24-hour urine creatinine clearance test
- E) – urine protein
- f) – albumin in the urine
- 2) – Electrolytes :
This test is important in checking the level of minerals in the body , and in many other conditions , as well as in dehydration . The tests that are performed on the electrolytes are :
- A) – chloride
- B) – sodium
- C) – potassium
- D) – bicarbonate
liver function test
- 3) – Liver Function Test ” LFTs “:
Liver function tests (also known as a liver panel) are blood tests that measure enzymes , proteins , and other substances made by the liver . These tests check the general health of the liver .
Different substances are often tested at the same time on a single blood sample , and the tests performed in LFTs are :
- a) – Sgpt alanine aminotransferase test (also called ALT)
- b) – Sgot aspartate transporter test (also called AST)
- c) – ALP (alkaline phosphatase) test
- d)- Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) test
- e) – bilirubin test , it includes total bilirubin , direct bilirubin , indirect bilirubin .
- f) – total protein (serum protein) , albumin , globulin , and albumin/globulin A/G ratio analysis
- 4) – Testing the indicators or signs of the heart :
Cardiac sign tells us about heart disease , The tests performed on cardiac markers are :
- a) – troponin I or T
- b) – Creatine kinase MP (CKMB) test
- c) – phospho-creatine kinase (CPK)
- d) – hs-CRP test
- e) – B-type natriuretic peptide, (BNP)
metal test laboratory
- 5) – Metal Test :
A blood mineral test is a group of tests that measure levels of harmful minerals in the blood, and the tests that are performed in this are :
- manganese vs zinc
- Chromium and fluoride
vitamin test in blood
- 6) – Vitamins test :
A vitamin test is a medical test that is used when anemia is present , or to predict a deficiency of certain vitamins based on the patient’s complaint .
The multivitamin test includes :
- A) – carotene (beta-carotene)
- b) – Vitamin A
- c) – Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and Vitamin B12
- d) – Vitamin C
- e) – Vitamin D – 25-hydroxyvitamin
- f) – Vitamin E
- g) – Vitamin K
- h) – folic acid (folate)
diabetes tests lap
- 7) – Diabetes tests :
It is a test that measures levels of sugar or glucose in the blood . A doctor may require this test to diagnose diabetes .
People with diabetes may also have this test to manage their condition .
The tests that are performed to determine the types of diabetes are :
- a) – HbA1c test
- b) – RBS (random blood sugar)
- c) – FBS (fasting blood sugar)
- d) – OGTT (oral glucose tolerance) test
- e) – glucose tolerance test (GCT)
tumor tests lap
- 8) – Tumor marker tests :
They are substances found in the human body , which are secreted at levels higher than normal in the presence of malignant (cancer) or benign tumors .
These markers are found in blood , urine , stool , or the tumor mass itself , where a sample of appropriate tissue is drawn for examination and analysis .
Most disease indicators are proteins and may be genotypes , or changes in nucleic acids as an indicator of tumor .
because these substances are also secreted into healthy body cells , such as cancer cells , they cannot be relied upon only for diagnosing cancer , but it is recommended to perform laboratory and other diagnostic tests such as a biopsy of the tumor , and other tests .
- a) – AFP (alpha-fetoprotein B) test CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) test
- b)- Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin level analysis
- c) – CA 125
- d) – CA 15-3
- e) – CA 72-4
- f) – CA 19-9
- g) – CYFRA 21-1
- h) – PSA (prostate-specific antigen), i) NSA (neuron-specific enolase)
- i) – TPA antigen.
- j) – TPS polypeptide tissue antigen
- k) – HER2 / neu
- l) – estrogen and progesterone receptors
- m) – proteins, (protein S-100B)
- n) – thyroglobulin TG
- o) -Chromogranin A
- p) – ferritin
hormone lab tests
9) – Hormonal tests :
Hormone testing is one of the medical tests and analyzes carried out by the individual to find out their percentage in the body , and the extent of their impact on the diseases to which he is exposed .
The need for hormone analysis varies according to its function , and importance , and there are many hormones that can be examined:
- a) – TSH test
- b) – triiodothyronine T3 test
- c) – thyroxine T4
- d) – estradiol, against progesterone
- e) testosterone
- f) – insulin-like growth factor IGF-1
- g) – follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
- h) – luteinizing hormone (LH)
- i) – prolactin
- j) – total estrogen
- k) – growth hormone
- l) – Sex hormone-binding globulin ” SHBG “
- m) – Dehydroepiandrosterone ” DHEA “
- n) – Fasting insulin test
These are the most important hormones that are important in various diseases , and their excess and deficiency can cause serious problems , so these hormones are medically important .
- 10) – lipid profile :
The tests performed at the Lipid Profile are :
- A) – cholesterol
- B) – triglycerides
- C) – HDL (high-density lipoprotein)
- D) – LDL (low-density lipoprotein)
Other tests that are performed in clinical chemistry or biochemistry are:
- 11) – uric acid
- 12) – C-reactive protein (CRP)
- 13) – amylase
- 14)- Libes
- 15) – blood gases
These were the most common biochemistry tests, and if you want to open a lab, you should keep all of these tests on your list .